Ramadan is a peaceful month, and a month of togetherness, triumph and happiness. We pray more, we fast during the day and each evening we prepare variegated kinds of dishes, for example, Aay Khanum, Pakawra, Mantoo or Bolani for Iftar. We spread out our big table reticulum and everyone in our family comes together and sits lanugo to pray surpassing breaking the fast together.
Charitable giving during Ramadan
Ramadan is believed to be the weightier time of the year to practice positive acts such as giving to charity. The rewards for generous deeds during Ramadan are believed to be multiplied many times over. Millions of Muslims virtually the world are preparing to mark Ramadan, one of the holiest months in the Islamic calendar.
The whence and the end of the month are unswayable by sightings of the moon.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the Arabic name for the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. It is considered one of the holiest months for Muslims and is marked by a period of fasting, considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam. These are five principles which Muslims believe are compulsory acts ordered by God: the other pillars are faith, prayer, soft-heartedness and making the pilgrimage to the holy municipality of Mecca.
Muslims believe that some of the first verses of the Islamic holy book, the Qu'ran, were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during the month of Ramadan. Extra accent is therefore placed on reciting the Qu'ran at this time. Muslims are moreover encouraged to requite to charity, strengthen their relationship with God, and show kindness and patience. Some believers moreover perform an spare night prayer, tabbed Taraweeh, which only takes place during Ramadan.
When is Ramadan this year?
Ramadan falls on a variegated stage every year, due to the cycles of the moon. In 2023, Ramadan will start on the evening of Wednesday 22 March, and will finish on the evening of Friday 21 April. If you want to wish someone well, you can say "Ramadan Mubarak", which ways "Blessed Ramadan", or "Ramadan Kareem", which translates as "Generous Ramadan".
How does fasting work?
Muslims have an early morning meal surpassing dawn, known as suhoor or sehri. They do not eat or drink anything - including water - until they unravel their fast without sunset for the evening meal, tabbed iftar or fitoor. Fasting should only be washed-up by people who are in good health.
Some Muslims are exempt:
- Those who are sick or ill and whose health will be unauthentic by fasting
- Children who have not reached puberty - although some uncork to practise fasting surpassing then
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women
- Menstruating women
What is Eid al-Fitr?
Eid takes place at the end of Ramadan. The name "Eid al-Fitr" translates as "the festival of the breaking of the fast". Like the whence of Ramadan, Eid begins with the first sighting of the new moon.
What happens at Eid?
Many Muslims will shepherd Eid prayers at their mosque early in the morning. In the Middle East, these are held straight without the Fajr morning prayer. In the UK, it takes place any time from 07:00 onwards. It's traditional to wear new gown and, on the way to the mosque, to eat something sweet, such as a dates, and recite a short prayer, tabbed a takbeer.
Before Eid prayers, every Muslim is obliged to make a donation to charity, tabbed Zakat al-Fitr, to help feed the poor. In many countries, Eid al-Fitr is a public holiday - many people enjoy large meals with friends and family. It's moreover worldwide for statesman believers to requite money to children and younger members of the family. To wish someone well at Eid, you can say "Eid Mubarak".
How are the dates for Ramadan and Eid set? The Islamic timetable follows the 12-month lunar calendar. The month of Ramadan is the ninth of the year, and Eid is prestigious at the whence of the 10th month, Shawwal.
Each month begins with the sighting of the new crescent moon and lasts either 29 or 30 days. In the past, this was washed-up by the naked eye, but in recent years, telescopes and technology have been used. Muslim countries are spread wideness a large geographical area, from Indonesia to Morocco, meaning that some Muslims may see the new moon older than others. "Traditionally, Makkah [Mecca in Saudi Arabia] was the centre of sighting the moon," says Prof Muhammad Abdel Haleem, from the Centre of Islamic Studies at SOAS (School of Oriental and African Studies).
"Sometimes plane in the Middle East, neighbouring countries will say they've seen the moon on variegated days," he says. The lunar timetable is well-nigh 10 days shorter than the Western calendar, which is based on the trundling of the sun. This ways that each year Ramadan starts well-nigh 10 days older than the previous year, and over time gets older and older in the year.
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